The Bachelor of arts, which is also known as BA, is one of the most renowned UG courses. The BA coursedegree is pursued by a number of students right after completing the 12th class. Some essential facts about Bachelor of arts:
● BA course is completed in 3 years.
● It is compulsory for the BA degree students that they have to study 5 compulsory subjects with the other elective subjects. The variation in the subjects can vary as per discipline.
● BA students can pursue their studies as a full-time course or as a part-time course, in distance BA education, or correspondence mode.
● There are several courses that are offered by the colleges/universities/institutes, such as Hospitality, Mass Communication, Sociology, and much more. ● Several specializations fall under the list of BA programmes, such as General programmes, BA Major, and BA Honours.
Table of Contents
Bachelor Of Arts Degree: Highlights
Name of Degree
Bachelor of Arts (BA)
+2 Pass with a minimum of 45% marks
10,000-80,000/- (Per Year)
Columnist, Reporter, Content Writer, Journalist, Author, etc.
About The Bachelor Of Arts Exams
It is a 3-year degree course in which students have to pass the BA 1 and BA 2nd year, and BA final year or BA 3 exams. If any student is unable to pass the exam, then they can give the exams again to succeed in a particular subject. Once the student clears all the exams of each semester only then, they are eligible to get their BA degree. Therefore, it would be beneficial for the students to clear their exams in or before the BA final year so that they can complete their degree on time.
Besides this, there are several colleges/universities that offer the BA hons. Therefore, it depends on the students whether they want to pursue a General BA course or BA honours. It would be helpful if students check before taking the admission whether their college/university is offering the hons degree course or not.
What Is The Difference Between BA or BA Honours?
Several students get confused with the BA honours and BA degree course. That is why we have discussed the basic difference between both degree courses. Basically, BA and BA (Hons) both are 3-year degree courses. But, BA (Hons) is the study in a specific specialized course whereas in BA there is not a specific course study. BA students have to study all the related subjects instead of studying a particular subject in-depth just as that of BA (Hons).
List Of BA Courses Offered By University/College/Institute
● BA Courses
● BA English ● BA Psychology ● BA Economics ● BA Philosophy ● BA Political Science ● BA Sociology ● BA Journalism ● BA Computer Science ● BA Geography ● BA Criminology ● BA Mass Communication ● BA Journalism and Mass Communication
Detailed BA Courses Subjects & Syllabus
There are various subjects that are taught in the BA degree course, and these courses can vary as per the discipline chosen by the BA students. Besides this, there is a slight difference between the syllabus that varies from college to college or university to university. Candidates can check the subjects that they have to study as their course subject, and these courses are:
● English Literature 1(i) ● English Literature 1(ii) ● 20th Century Indian Writing(i) ● 20th Century Indian Writing(ii) ● English Literature 2(i) ● English Literature 2(ii) ● Concurrent – Credit Language ● Concurrent – Qualifying Language ● English Literature 3(i) ● English Literature 3(ii) ● 19th Century European Classical Literature (i)/ Realism(i)/ Forms of Popular Fiction (i) ● 19th Century European Classical Literature (ii)/ Realism(ii)/ Forms of Popular Fiction (ii) ● BA English Literature 4(i) ● BA English Literature 4(ii) ● Concurrent – Discipline Centered I ● Concurrent – Discipline Centered II ● Concurrent – Interdisciplinary ● English Literature 5(i) ● English Literature 5(ii) ● Anglo-American Literary Theory (i)/ Modern European Drama (i)/ Writing from 1930(i) / Women’s Writing of the 19th & 20th Centuries (i) ● Contemporary Literature(i) ● Anglo-American Literary Theory (ii)/ Modern European Drama (ii)/ Writing from 1930(ii) / Women’s
Writing of the 19th & 20th Centuries (ii) ● Contemporary Literature(ii)
BA Psychology/ Bachelors in Psychology
● Introduction to Psychology ● Environmental Science ● Biopsychology ● English Communication ● Psychological Research ● Emotional Intelligence ● Understanding Psychological Disorders ● Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-I ● Statistical Methods for Psychological Research-II ● General Psychology ● Stress Management ● Dealing with Psychological Disorders ● Positive Psychology ● Organizational Behavior ● Health Psychology ● Psychology of Individual ● Youth, Gender and Identity ● Development of Psychological ● Social Psychology ● Psychology for Health & Well-being ● Applied Social Psychology ● Psychology at Work ● Developmental Psychology ● Human Resource Management (HRM) ● Counseling Psychology ● Community Psychology
● Introductory Microeconomics
BA Economics / Bachelor in Economics
● Generic Elective – I ● Generic Elective – II ● Generic Elective – III ● Generic Elective – IV ● Mathematical Methods for Economics-I ● Mathematical Methods for Economics-II ● Intermediate Microeconomics-I ● Intermediate Microeconomics-II ● Intermediate Macroeconomics-I ● Intermediate Macroeconomics-II ● Skill Enhancement Course – I ● Skill Enhancement Course – II ● Discipline-Specific Elective – III ● Discipline-Specific Elective – IV ● Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course – I ● Ability Enhancement Compulsory Course – II ● Indian Economy – I ● Indian Economy – II ● Development Economics – I ● Development Economics – II ● Discipline-Specific Elective – I ● Discipline-Specific Elective – II ● Introductory Econometrics ● Introductory Macroeconomics ● Statistical Methods for Economics
(NOTE: There is a difference between Bachelors in Economics & BA Economics Honours, and it is that BA Economics covers the basic concepts of Economics while BA Economics Honours cover in-depth conceptual knowledge about economics.)
● Logic ● Ethics ● Social and Political Philosophy: Indian & Western ● Applied Ethics
● Text of Western Philosophy ● Truth Functional Logic ● Continental Philosophy ● Analytic Philosophy ● Philosophy of Language ● Indian Philosophy ● Greek Philosophy ● Western Philosophy: Descartes to Kant ● Text of Indian Philosophy ● Philosophy of Religion Specific Elective Subjects (Any Four) ● Philosophy of science ● Knowledge & scepticism ● Aesthetics ● Philosophy of law ● Indian materialism ● Philosophy of mind ● Philosophy of logic ● Indian theories of consciousness Generic Elective- 4 ● Formal Logic ● Bioethics ● Ethics In Public Domain ● Feminism Skill Enhancement Subject- 2 ● Art & Film Appreciation ● Critical Thinking
● Understanding Political Theory ● Generic Elective – I ● Generic Elective – II ● Generic Elective – III ● Generic Elective – IV ● Constitutional Government & Democracy in India ● Political Theory-Basic Concepts &
BA Political Science BA Hons Political Science
Debates ● Perspectives on Public Administration ● Pol. Process and Inst. in Comparative Perspective ● Global Politics ● Classical Political Philosophy ● Modern Indian Political Thought – I ● Modern Political Philosophy ● Indian Political Thought – II ● Language – MIL/ English Environmental Science ● Environmental Science Language ● Political Process in India ● Introduction to Comparative Government & Politics ● Perspectives on International Relations ● Ability Enhancement Course – I ● Public Policy & Administration in India ● Ability Enhancement Course – II ● Discipline-Specific Elective – I ● Discipline-Specific Elective – II ● Discipline-Specific Elective – III ● Discipline-Specific Elective – IV (B) Generic Elective- 2 papers ● Paper-1: Governance: Issues & Challenges/Indian Polity-I ● Paper-II: Gandhi & the Contemporary World/ Indian Polity-II (C) Discipline Specific Elective- 3 papers ● DSE-1- Development Process &
Social Movements in Contemporary India / Human Rights in a Comparative Perspective ● DSE-2- Women, Power & Politics / India’s Foreign Policy in a Globalizing world ● DSE-3-Understanding South Asia / Understanding Global Politics ● DSE-4- Citizenship in a globalizing world / PROJECT
● Sociology of India ● Methods of Sociological Enquiry ● Marriage, Family, & Kinship ● Social Stratification ● Polity & Society in India ● Economy & Society ● Techniques of Social Research ● Society through the Visual ● Introduction to Sociology ● Sociological Theories ● Religion & Society ● Gender & Sexuality ● Gender Sensitisation
● Climatology ● Geography of Population ● Analytical Physical Geography ● Thematic Cartography (Practical) ● Concurrent – Credit Language ● Environmental Geography ● Remote Sensing (Practical) ● Concurrent – Interdisciplinary ● Spatial Dimensions of Development ● Geography of India ● Concurrent – Discipline Centered I
● Social Geography ● Geomorphology ● Cartographic Techniques ● Concurrent – Qualifying Language ● Oceanography ● Geography of Settlements ● Economic Geography ● Urban Geography ● Geography of Natural Resources ● Statistical Methods in Geography ● Evolution of Geographical Thought ● Geographical Information System ● Field Techniques ● Regional Planning: Case Studies ● Disaster Management ● Biogeography* (Optional) ● Agricultural Geography* (Optional) ● Political Geography* (Optional) ● Geography of Tourism* (Optional) ● Rural Development* (Optional) ● Contemporary Environmental Issues* (Optional)
BA Computer Science
● Computer Fundamentals and Programming in ‘C’ ● Logical Organization of Computer I ● Practical (Programming in ‘C’) ● Data Structures using ‘C’ ● Structured System Analysis & Design ● Practical (Implementation of data structure in ‘C’) ● Programming in C++ ● Introduction to Database Systems ● PC- Software ● Logical Organization of Computer II ● Practical (PC – Software) ● Operating Systems
● Principles of Criminology ● Criminal Laws ● Human Behavior and Criminology ● English Paper I ● Language Paper I ● Psychology of Crime & Delinquency ● Contemporary Crimes ● Police Administration ● English Paper II ● Language Paper II ● Police Station Management ● Counselling and Guidance ● Human Rights & the Study of the Police Administration ● Vigilance & Security Management Private Detection & Investigation ● Counselling & Guidance
(A) Introduction to Communication ● Introduction Models of Communication ● Basics of Mass Communication ● Limited Effects ● Paradigm Media & the Public Sphere ● Growth & Evolution of Media (B) Principles of Journalism
● A brief introduction to Journalism ● Pioneers of Indian Journalism ● Role of Press in Democracy ● Theories of Press ● Introduction to Regional Journalism ● Concepts related to Newspaper & Globalization (C) Reporting and Editing Practices ● Reporter – Concepts & attributes News Writing Structure ● Reporting different news stories ● Newspaper Organization Headlines (D) Writing for Print ● A brief introduction to Newspapers, ● Magazines and other publications ● Concept of News ● Newspaper Content Writing ● Opinion pieces, feature articles, editorials, interviews, reviews, profiles, criticism etc. ● Principles of rewriting, editing, and translation (E) Writing for New Media ● Introduction to New Media ● Writing for Online newspapers, Blogs, Cellphone, Communication, and E-mail (F) Press Laws and Ethics ● Origin and definition of Law
● Law and Morality ● Types of Law – Civil & Criminal ● Press Legislations ● Freedom of the Press ● Defamation Contempt of Court ● Censorship Legislative Privileges (G) Public Relations & Advertising ● Introduction to Public Relations ● Stages of PR Communication with Public ● Need & Meaning of Advertising ● Advertising strategies ● Sales Promotion ● Advertising Agency ● Copy Presentation (H) Critical Media Debates ● Understanding of Media ● State monopoly over Media ● Privatization of Media ● Alternative Media Spaces ● Tabloid Culture Construction of News
● Political Science ● Introduction to Journalism ● Introduction to Theatre ● Introduction to Advertising ● Introduction to Public Relations ● History of Indian Cinema ● Design Tools-I ● Basic Sociology ● Introduction to Audio-Visual Communication ● Introduction to Aesthetics & Visual Communication
BA Mass Communication
● Mass Communication theories & Practices ● Foundation of Photography ● Business & Managerial Communication ● Essentials of Marketing Management ● Language, Culture and Communication ● News Reporting and Editing ● Management Perspective in Media & Communication Businesses ● Introduction to Audio-Visual ● Introduction to Audiography & Music ● Research Methodology ● Consumer Behaviour & Insights ● Post Production ● Introduction to Camera & Lighting ● Introduction to Television News ● Creative Writing ● Fundamentals of Feature Writing ● Fundamentals of Media ● Digital Marketing ● Emotional Intelligence at Workplace ● Retail Marketing
● Writing for Media ● Introduction to Communication ● Introduction to Journalism (Writing, Reporting, & Editing) ● Socio-Economic and Political Scenario ● Communicative Hindi ● Basics of Design and Graphics ● Indian Culture ● History of Print and Broadcasting in India
BA Journalism and Mass Communication / Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication
● Print Journalism-I ● Media Laws & Ethics ● Still Photography ● State Politics and the Constitution ● Theory of Communication ● Application of Computer in Media ● Development and Communication ● Print Journalism-II ● Radio Journalism and Production ● Basics of Camera, Lights, and Sound ● Media Management ● Folk Media ● CyberMedia ● Summer Training Report ● Television Journalism & Production ● Introduction to Advertising ● Public Relations ● New Media ● Television Journalism & Production Lab ● Public Relations Lab ● Fundamentals of Economics & Indian Economy ● National & International Affairs ● New Media Lab ● Advertising Practices ● Event Management: Principles & Methods ● Media Research ● Environment Communication ● Tribal Communication ● Communication Research ● Functional Exposure Report ● Internship Report ● Advertising Lab ● Event Management Lab ● Media Research Lab ● Media Organisation & Management
● Contemporary Issues ● Global Media Scenario ● Value Education
A. After completing the BA, students can pursue a job or go for further studies if they want to do so. However, it is suggested to the students that they should go with other studies as they can practice in subjects and put foot forward in their career.
Q. Whether it is useful if I take up another subject after completing a BA in Philosophy subject?
A. Yes. Any student can go for an MA (Master of Arts) in another subject as Philosophy related to any Social Science subject.
Q. In how time can I complete a BA course? A. The general period of a BA (Bachelor of Arts) course is 3-years. Some college/universities provide a diploma once you complete your BA, making it a 4-years degree course.